Tracking the Integration of
the Federal Judiciary
The Report on the Integration of the Federal Judiciary provides an in-depth listing of minority judges who serve in Article III courts. As of May 7, 2020, there are 1,387 active and senior judges, of which only 274 are judges of color, of which 8 identify as bi-racial. There are 2 Native American, 136 African-Americans, 90 Hispanic/Latinx, 38 Asian-Americans & Pacific Islanders, and 8 bi-racial judges (2 African-American/Hispanic, 2 African American/White, 2 Hispanic/White 1 Asian-American/Hispanic, 1 Asian-American/White) serving in Article III judgeships†. Judges who identify with more than one racial or ethnic group are counted in these groups. There are also 11 active Article III judges who are openly LGBTQ+. Additionally, there are 1005 judges identifying as male and 382 judges identifying as female.
To learn more about each circuit court, click on the state or number.
At its discretion, the Supreme Court hears a limited number of the cases each year and within certain guidelines established by Congress. Those cases may begin in the federal or state courts and usually involve important questions about the Constitution or federal law. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices, of which six justices are men and three justices are women.
Courts of Appeal
The 94 U.S. judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a United States Courts of Appeal. This court hears appeals from the district courts located within its circuit and appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies. In addition, the Courts of Appeal for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals in specialized cases, such as those involving patent laws and cases decided by the Court of International Trade and the Court of Federal Claims. Currently, there are 297 active or senior judges sitting in United States Courts of Appeal, of which 220 judges are men and 77 judges are women.
The United States District Courts are the trial courts of the federal court system. Within limits set by Congress and the Constitution, the District Courts have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases, including both civil and criminal matters. There are 94 federal district courts, including at least one district court in each state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Three territories of the United States—the Virgin Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands—have District Courts that hear federal cases, including bankruptcy cases. There are 1,065 active or senior judges in United States District Courts of which 769 judges are men and 296 judges are women.
Court of International Trade
The United States Court of International Trade (formerly known as the United States Customs Court) is an Article III Court with full powers in law and equity. The court has limited subject matter jurisdiction to hear only cases involving particular international trade and customs law questions. There are 15 active and senior judges in the US Court of International Trade of which ten judges are men and five judges are women.
† Number reflects judges that identify as part of more than one racial or ethnic group.
Appointments by President
|African-American||Asian-American & Pacific Islander|
President Donald J. Trump
As of June 25, 2020, Trump has appointed 262 individuals to federal judgeships, 200 of whom have been confirmed by the Senate. The confirmation includes two Justices to the Supreme Court, 53 judges to the Courts of Appeals, 143 judges to the District Courts and two judges to the Court of International Trade.
Information about judicial appointments is collected from information made publically available by the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, the Federal Judicial Center, and the United States Committee on the Senate Judiciary Committee. Information for the 2020 Report on the Integration of the Federal Judiciary was collected through May 7, 2020. To learn more about the federal court system you can go to: www.fjc.gov.
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